Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study. Human beings use animals for a wide variety of purposes, including research the approximately 260 million people in the united states keep about 110 million dogs and cats as pets more than 5 billion animals are killed in the united states each year as a source of food animals are used for. Animal testing proconorg is a nonpartisan, nonprofit website that presents research, studies, and pro and con statements on whether or not animals should be used for scientific or commercial testing. Using animals in research affords the scientist to monitor reactions to stimuli and other variables in complex organs and tissue, while allowing the scientist to minimize environmental variables animals are used in scientific research to further science in many arenas.
Americans for medical progress believes animal research plays a crucial part in the development of medical, veterinary and scientific breakthroughs we support the responsible, ethical, and judicious involvement of laboratory animals when necessary in studies to enhance our understanding of biological processes and to speed the development of. Animals are used in research to develop drugs and medical procedures to treat diseases scientists may discover such drugs and procedures using alternative research methods that do not involve animals. Home what we do keep you informed science corner animals used in research it is estimated that at least 100 million animals are used every year in the multibillion dollar research industry that includes university, pharmaceutical and diagnostic laboratories, and. Animals are used in all capacities of research: for example, a rabbit's sensory system may be studied in basic research she may be used as a model for eye and skin disorders, or used in eye and skin irritancy tests for environmental toxicity testing.
Why animals are used animals are used in research when there is a need to find out what happens in the whole, living body, which is far more complex than the sum of its parts it is difficult, and in most cases simply not yet possible, to replace the use of living animals in research with alternative methods. To sum up this, a question still lingers, should scientists use animals in their research or not or should animals be accorded respect whereas human lives perishing the controversial topic of animal research will continue as long as human life is in danger and scientific sighting is on the peak to safe the dying life. Are there alternatives to the use of non-human primates in research and testing animals are used each year in scientific of animals used should be reduced. The use of animals in research should evolve out of a strong sense of ethical self-examination ethical self-examination involves a careful self-analysis of one's own personal and scientific motives. The use of animals in scientific research should motor traffic be restricted capital punishment (the death penalty) euthanasia should be legalised.
Overview of animal testing in commercial products national and international legal responsibilities for the use of animals in scientific research--an. Home what we do keep you informed science corner animals used in research despite growing recognition of the inadequacies of animal models and growing acceptance of alternative methods, animals continue to be used in research, testing and teaching in. Disclosure: i'm a biologist i study animals both in the lab and in the field this is like asking, should people work work covers a lot of situations, from those that are very positive (people earning a good living doing work that is rewardi. While some claim that animals are needed in research, testing, and education, the animal suffering that occurs in laboratories cannot be justified with claims of scientific advancement not only is the use of animals in science ethically flawed, but in a growing number of instances, it is not necessary. As an advocate for animals and the advancement of better, more humane science, the national anti-vivisection society (navs) opposes the use of animals in scientific research and product testing for ethical and scientific reasons.
Yet, a pew research poll found that only 43 percent of adults surveyed oppose to the use of animals in scientific research although the fact of the matter is that animal testing not only is unethical and cruel, but also is dangerous and can avoided. Argument essay: animal experimentation there has been a controversy between animal rights supporters and scientists about whether it is right to use animals in experimental research also, it is very debatable whether using animals for such research results in find. Animal testing - should animals be used for a poll of 3,748 scientists by the pew research center found that 89% favored the use of animals in scientific research.
Should animals be used for scientific or commercial testing we know, for example, from scientific research published in prestigious peer-reviewed journals, that mice,. The principles of replacing, reducing and refining the use of animals in scientific research are central to uk regulation in fact, the government established the national centre for the replacement, refinement and reduction of animals in research (nc3rs london, uk) in may 2004 to promote and develop high-quality research that takes the 3rs. Animals used for experimentation right now, millions of mice, rats, rabbits, primates, cats, dogs, and other animals are locked inside barren cages in laboratories across the country. Animal welfare is underpinned by the 3rs - there is a legal requirement to replace animals with alternatives, refine experimental techniques and reduce the numbers of animals used in research animal research can only be carried out in europe where there is no suitable non-animal alternative.
The report revealed that 904,147 animals covered by the animal welfare act (awa) were held in labs last year, and that 767,622 were used in research, a drop of over eight percent from 2014 hamsters are among the most used animals in labs, but their numbers decreased by almost 20 percent in 2015. The scientific establishment has a lot of inertia in favor of continuing the use of animals in research, but is slowly shifting towards alternatives meanwhile, millions of animals are trapped in labs, waiting for us to help them.